Engaging Indigenous Learners Project
In February 2018, Creating Hope Society (CHS) and ECALA, after reviewing recommendations in Living with Literacy: A Review of Literacy Programming for Urban Aboriginal Learners research paper released by ECALA in 2016, agreed on the following deliverables for the Engaging Indigenous Learners Project:
- Contract an Indigenous Liaison to foster relationships between ECALA and the Indigenous community in Edmonton, and to be the liaison for the project
- Establish an Indigenous Community Advisory Committee (Advisory Committee) to oversee the work to be conducted using an Indigenous focused lens
- Support ECALA in developing a Best Practice Protocols Approach when supporting future Indigenous adult learners
- Educate and strengthen public awareness around the issues and barriers impacting adult Indigenous learners, including imminent barriers that exist as a result of Intergenerational trauma
- Create and strengthen existing partnerships among stakeholders who work directly with Indigenous populations, and
- Strengthen professional development that adheres to culturally competent practice
In addition to completing the deliverables above, some members of the Advisory Committee attended the Community Adult Learning Program (CALP) Indigenous sessions developed and delivered by five Tribal Colleges in Alberta and the Creating Ethical Spaces sessions lead by a Calgary-based Advisory Committee who were part of the Calgary Learns Granting Council Project. After attending these sessions, the Advisory Committee was inspired to create the following:
The Advisory Committee, after reviewing 2018-19 Indigenous Program proposals, created an Edmonton-based Best Practice Protocols Framework that maintains respectful protocol practices when evaluating future proposals.
Through community-based consultation, several important requirements were highlighted in developing and delivering support and training to practitioners:
- Understanding the impact of Intergenerational trauma and subsequent issues on learning
- Cultural humility/Cultural Safety
- Using a Trauma-Informed Approach
Ongoing consultation with Cultural Knowledge Keepers throughout the project and during the two-day community conversation was instrumental in ensuring that the foundation for future work and projects was supported by a strong cultural base.
The Indigenous Liaison, Brittany Whitford, and Bernadette Iahtail, Executive Director of Creating Hope Society, developed a half-day ECALA Board training with the goals of:
- Helping ECALA become an organization that internalizes and creates a philosophy-based collective transformation to foster open dialogue while becoming a seed for change
- Fostering an open and flexible lens, whereby ECALA can begin to identify what’s missing, including how to build, model, create and evaluate collective transformation
For example, through on-going dialogue, several themes emerged that recognized key areas
- Building upon senior leader support for advancing Belonging, Inclusion, Reconciliation and Diversity (BIRD Iahtail 2018)
- Model diversity and inclusiveness at the board, senior leadership and staff levels
- Create an inclusive and welcoming environment (such as the Land Acknowledgement)
- Analyze ECALA granting processes
- Build capacity to engage the community around conversations of Belonging, Inclusion, Reconciliation and Diversity.
Indigenous Advisory Committee
- Bernadette Iahtail, RSW (Chair)
- Brittany Whitford (Indigenous Liaison)
- Rhonda Spence
- Brenda O-Chiese
- Terri-Ann Sinclair
- Sharon Pasula
- Natasha Hinse
Engaging Indigenous Learners
Elsie Paul worked with us as an elder, cultural advisor and experienced facilitator in the program. Her contributions were highly valued by both facilitators and program participants. Her traditional teachings (sacred tree teachings, the moss bag, apache tear rock) and workshops (pressure as privilege, building positive mental health, storytelling, signs of addiction, and the medicine wheel) were interactive and engaging. Participants stated that Elsie’s personality, life experience, storytelling, and knowledge of her culture helped them feel understood.
She brought healing to the group through her perspective on historical and intergenerational trauma, residential schools, child rearing and education. Many of the program participants made connections to these issues for the first time in the program, and many stated that having the opportunity to do so brought aspects of healing to their lives and relationships.
It was helpful to utilize the breadth of knowledge held within local Edmonton agencies to better serve the needs of program participants. All participants in the program faced economic, cultural, and health barriers, which ultimately lead to them being at a disadvantage when it comes to finding and keeping employment. To best support their needs, the facilitators thought it best to access information sharing from community agencies who possess expertise in different areas such as the library (computer literacy), John Howard Society (finding work with a criminal record), Canadian Native Friendship Centre (General Services and artist workshop), Native Healing Centre (general services), The Learning Centre Literacy Association, and Norquest College. Participants stated that one of their favorite parts of the program were Elsie’s sessions and the dream catcher and medicine pouch workshop offered by Tanya Rushton. They stated that these sessions were natural opportunities to connect and interact with each other and helped take their mind off their life stressors.
Bissell Centre, Indigenous Employment Literacy
We implement a lot of strategies to try and keep people interested. We send out messages, keep in close contact through cell use, social media, person to person interaction and connection to our other program and services and support workers, community elders and connection to community. It’s an ongoing part of what we have to do to make it successful.
Ben Calf Robe, Cooking with Kokum
…smudging was done in one of the upstairs playrooms. This allowed the children to be able to participate in the smudging too.
KARA Family Resource Centre, Indigenous Learning